Real-time Air Quality monitoring in Indonesia

Posted on July 18th 2015
Share: aqicn.org/faq/2015-07-18/real-time-air-quality-monitoring-in-indonesia

Indonesia monitoring stations with real-time Air Quality forecast overlay

Real-time Air Quality data for is now available for Indonesia. 10 stations located in major cities across Indonesia are measuring in real-time PM10 pollution.

The monitoring stations are operated by BMKG (Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika), the Indonesian Department of Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics.


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The currently active stations are located in: Central Jakarta City, Medan City, Pekanbaru City, Jambi City, Palembang City, Pontianak, Banjarbaru City, Samarinda City.

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As we explained in one of our previous articles, all the AQI figures published on the World Air Quality Index project are currently [1] using the US EPA standard. While the Indonesian EPA has defined (like any other country) its own AQI scale, called 'IPSU' (for Indeks Standar Pencemar Udara), this is actually not a problem since the breakpoints used in the Indonesian standard for PM10 are actually more strict than the US EPA standard! The graph on the right shows the comparison for PM10 AQI scale for China, US and Indonesia.


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One important point to notice is that there is no real-time PM2.5 real-time monitoring available. This is actually a common practice in South Asia, as many of the neighboring countries with Air Quality data available (namely Thailand, Malaysia and Brunei) are also only providing PM10 (exceptions are the Philippines and Vietnam).

While we do rely on BMKG to set-up the needed PM2.5 monitoring stations (hopefully starting with Jakarta), one might want to consider looking at our research report for deducting PM2.5 from PM10. Note that to be completely relevant and accurate, the PM2.5 to PM10 AQI convertion formula described in the report needs to be adapated to Jakarta since the typical 'dust type' in Indonesia is different from South Korea (the conclusion in the research report is based on South Korean data). This is actually something we might test-pilot conjointly with BMKG, so stay stuned (we will update this article).

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Summary of the AQI levels, color coding and description used in Indonesia:
US EPAIndonesia
rangecolorlevelrangecolorleveldescription (for PM10)
0 .. 50
Good0 .. 50
BaikTidak ada efek
50 .. 100
Moderate50 .. 100
SedangTerjadi penurunan pada jarak pandang
100 .. 150
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups100 .. 200
Tidak SehatJarak pandang turun dan terjadi pengotoran debu di mana-mana
150 .. 200
Unhealthy
200 .. 300
Very Unhealthy200 .. 300
Sangat Tidak SehatMeningkatnya sensitivitas pada pasien berpenyakit asthma dan bronhitis
300 .. 500
Hazardous300 .. 500
BerbahayaTingkat yang berbahaya bagi semua populasi yang terpapar




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Note: This article is part of a series on Worlwide Air Quality scales.

For more information about specific countries or continent, please refer to thoses articles:
Thailand and Malysia
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India
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China
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Hong Kong / Canada (Air Quality Health Index)
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South America
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Australia
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Quebec and Montreal
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Singapore
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Poland
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Indonesia
.
For information about the 24 hours averaging used or Ozone and Particulate Matter (PM2.5), please refer to those two articles: Ground Ozone Index - PM2.5 Instant Cast


[1] We are now working on an option which will allow users to select any AQI scale they want.


Click here to see all the FAQ entries
  • Nitrogen Dioxyde (NO2) in our atmosphere
  • Ozone AQI Scale update
  • Kriging Interpolation

  • Read or publish comments (they rely on Disqus)

    대기질 및 환경 오염 측정에 관하여 :

    대기질 지수 단계에 대하여

    AQI지수구분구간의미
    0 - 50좋음대기오염 관련 질환자군에서도 영향이 유발되지 않을 수준
    51 -100보통환자군에게 만성 노출시 경미한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
    101-150민감군영향환자군 및 민감군에게 유해한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
    151-200나쁨환자군 및 민감군(어린이, 노약자 등)에게 유해한 영향 유발, 일반인도 건강상 불쾌감을 경험할 수 있는 수준
    201-300매우나쁨환자군 및 민감군에게 급성 노출시 심각한 영향 유발, 일반인도 약한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
    300+위험환자군 및 민감군에게 응급 조치가 발생되거나, 일반인에게 유해한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
    (Reference: see airkorea.or.kr)

    대기질과 오염에 대해 더 많은 것을 알아보려면 위키피디아의 대기질 문서(영어)을 보거나 대기질과 건강에 대한 AirNow 가이드(영어)를 참조해보세요.

    매우 유용한 베이징의 의학박사 Richard Saint Cyr MD의 건강 관련 팁을 보려면 www.myhealthbeijing.com 의 블로그를 확인하세요.


    사용안내: 모든 대기 질 데이터는 발행 당시에 검증되지 않았으며, 품질 보증으로 인해 이러한 데이터는 예고없이 언제든지 수정 될 수 있습니다. 세계 대기 품질 지수 프로젝트는이 정보의 내용을 편집함에있어 합당한 기술과 관심을 행사했으며 어떤 상황에서도 세계 대기 품질 지수 (World Air Quality Index) 프로젝트 팀 또는 그 대리인은이 데이터의 공급으로 인해 직접 또는 간접적으로 발생하는 손실, 상해 또는 손해에 대해 계약, 불법 행위 또는 기타의 책임을지지 않습니다.



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