Guide to publishing Air Quality data on the World Air Quality Index project

Share: aqicn.org/publishingdata/kr/

Publishing data on the World Air Quality Index project is free for every one. But it is also simple and straightforward: All you need to add data on the World Air Quality Index map is to provide a feed URL with the real-time information about the monitoring stations (name and location), the pollutants being measured and the real-time readings (together with the units, for instance milligrams or ppb).


Qualification Criteria

Note that the data published on the World Air Quality Index map is only official data provided by each country respective Environmental Protection Agency (see the full EPA list). Those official data are monitored using professional BAM and TEOM-like Air Quality monitoring stations.

Those stations are not trivial, and do require constant maintenance and calibration by the EPA professional field-engineering teams. Therefore, except from specific conditions (e.g. if there no coverage in a country or a given region / city), the World Air Quality Index project does not accept any form of data generated from non-professional Air Quality monitors.

If your country or city does not have official monitoring, it is acceptable to report data from more affordable instant air particle counters (eg PMS, SDS,..). While we do recommend to use the semi-professional GAIA air quality monitoring stations for this purpose, we, however, accept data from other stations. Nevertheless, such particle counter-based stations need to report enhanced data feed with additional quality controls (see quality control section).

Feed format

Since almost every country has its own reporting format, the World Air Quality Index project can accept any kinds of formats for the feeds: They can be in CSV, JSON or just plain text or HTML format. You can find at the bottom of this page 3 example for CSV, HTML and JSON.

For reference, check the official feeds for Singapore, Peru or Netherlands and notice that despite they are all different, they can be ingested by our system.

For the instant air particle counters, you can either report the data via our own web server, or via the thingspeak.

Data ingestion

The World Air Quality Index system will take care of regularly checking the data from the feed, and each time an update is available, it will be processed, converted to the US EPA scale AQI values, and publish on the World Air Quality Index website within minutes.

Also, although only PM2.5, PM10, Ozone, NO2, SO2 and CO Air Quality data is published, the system does collect more pollutants for forecasting purpose: Benzen, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, NOx, THC, NMHC, PM1, Formaldehyde, Mercury, Ammonia, Methane, Hydrogen sulfide, Nitrous acid, Phenol, Naphthalene, paraxylene (p-Xylen), metaxylene (m-Xylen), etc..

It is also possible to publish meteorological data: Temperature, Atmospheric Pressure, Humidity, Precipitation, Wind Speed, Wind Direction, Solar Radiation and UVI. If not provided, we will use other relevant meteorologic information sources.

Feed Example (CSV format)

 #ID: ID_BEI_DC
#City: Beijing
#Station: Dongcheng
#Name: 东城东四
#Latitude: 39.929
#Longitude: 116.417
#Timezone: +0800
Date,PM10,PM25,CO,Ozone,Sulphur Dioxide,Nitrogen Dioxide,AmbientTemperature,RelativeHumidity,WindDirection,WindSpeed,Pressure,RainGauge
Unit,ug/m3,ug/m3,ppm,µg/m3,µg/m3,µg/m3,°C,%,°,m/s,hPa,mm
10/29/2016 13:00,16,3,,58,10,3,32,66,200,3,1001,0
10/29/2016 14:00,19,8,,57,9,4,32,64,197,2,1001,0
10/29/2016 15:00,15,9,,52,47,17,30,72,190,2,1001,0
10/29/2016 16:00,31,19,,52,34,17,30,75,191,2,1001,0
10/29/2016 17:00,31,17,,49,49,19,29,75,194,1,1002,0
10/29/2016 18:00,37,18,,45,55,25,29,73,183,1,1003,0
10/29/2016 19:00,24,13,,40,21,19,29,80,65,1,1004,0
10/29/2016 20:00,39,22,,44,4,16,28,85,7,1,1005,0
10/29/2016 21:00,24,16,,43,3,7,28,85,10,1,1005,0

Feed Example (HTML format)

This is an example based on an HTML format (direct url: publishingdata/html/):
Station list:
Station IDCity or County NameStation NameLocal name (optional)Latitude/LongitudeTimezone (optional)
ID_BEI_DCBeijingDongcheng东城东四39.929/116.417+0800
ID_BEI_WPBeijingWest Park西城官园39.929/116.339+0800
ID_BEI_OPBeijingOlympic Park朝阳奥体中心39.982/116.397+0800
..................
  • The "Station ID" is the unique identifer for each station, and it can just be a number (eg ID8373), or the concatenation of station city and station name (eg. "Beijing/Dongcheng").
  • By default, the station will be available via the url /city/country-name/city-name/station-name.
  • The "Station Name" must use latin characters, so the optional "Local Name" can be provided to localize the webpage.

Real-time pollutant list:
Station IDPollutantUnitUpdate timeValueAveraging
ID_BEI_DCPM10mg/m32020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0027.81 hour
ID_BEI_DCPM25mg/m32020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0010.81 hour
ID_BEI_DCOzonemg/m32020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0015.21 hour
ID_BEI_DCOzonemg/m32020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0018.28 hours
ID_BEI_DCTemperatureCelcius2020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0022.31 hour
ID_BEI_WPPM10mg/m32020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0027.81 hour
ID_BEI_WPPM25mg/m32020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0010.81 hour
ID_BEI_WPSO2ppb2020-07-07T09:00:00+09:0015.21 hour
ID_BEI_WPHumidiy%2020-07-07T09:00:00+09:00881 hour
...............
  • The "Averaging" column is use to specify the duration of the value. The most common averaging is 1 hour. It is also the prefered one, as our backend system will automatically do the 8 hour averagin computation for the Ozone and Carbon Monoxyde.
  • In the case the readings are provided more freqently than every hour (for instance every 30 minutes or 10 minutes), you can either provide the raw readings for the given period, or just the hourly averaging: Our back-end system will anyway process data even between the hour.

Feed Example (JSON format)

This is an example based on JSON format (direct url: /publishingdata/json/)
..

Quality Control for particule counter sensors

For instant particule counters, such as the Plantower PMS or Nova SDS, which provide instantaneous (in few seconds) particulate matter readings, the data is usually reported every minute. This data is usually computed based on several "averaged" readings from a one or two minute period.

The use of averaging is however not good enough, especially for failing sensors (or sensor close of end-of-life). Therefore, for such sensors, it is required to provide additonal metrics, such as the median, min, max, and standard-deviation. See for example the readings object in the below JSON data feed.
..
You can use the following arduino-compatible code to collect those metrics:
class Accumulator 
{ 
    #define OUTPUT_BUFFER_SIZE 120 
    char buffer[OUTPUT_BUFFER_SIZE]; 
 
    #define MAXACCVALUES 120 
    int vals[MAXACCVALUES]; 
 
    int count = 0; 
 
public: 
    Accumulator() 
    { 
        reset(); 
    } 
 
    void reset() 
    { 
        count = 0; 
        for (int i=0;i< MAXACCVALUES;i++)  
        { 
            vals[i]=0; 
        } 
    } 
 
    bool hasData()  
    { 
        return count!=0; 
    } 
 
    std::string output()  
    { 
        if (!hasData()) return std::string("{}"); 
 
        sprintf(buffer, OUTPUT_BUFFER_SIZE, "{\"min\":%d,\"max\":%d,\"median\":%d,\"average\":%.1f,\"stddev\":%.1f,\"count\":%d}",  
            vmin(), vmax(), median(), average(), stddev(), count); 
 
        return std::string(buffer); 
 
    } 
 
    void add(int val) 
    { 
        if (count==MAXACCVALUES-1) { 
          for (int i = 0; i < MAXACCVALUES - 1; i++) { 
            vals[i] = vals[i + 1]; 
            } 
            count --; 
        } 
        vals[count++]=val; 
    } 
 
    float stddev()  
    { 
        if (!hasData()) return -1; 
        int u  =avg(); 
        int t = 0; 
        for (int i=0;ivals[j]) { 
                    float t = vals[j]; 
                    vals[j]=vals[i]; 
                    vals[i]=t; 
                } 
  
            } 
        } 
        return vals[count/2]; 
    } 
 
    float avg()  
    { 
        if (!hasData()) return -1; 
        float t = 0; 
        for (int i=0;ivals[i]) { 
                t=vals[i]; 
            } 
        } 
        return t; 
    } 
 
    float vmax()  
    { 
        if (!hasData()) return -1; 
        float t = vals[0]; 
        for (int i=0;it) { 
                t=vals[i]; 
            } 
        } 
        return t; 
    } 
};

Inquiry Form



MetOne BAM 1020 station



Luft-Daten DIY station
Publishing data on the World Air Quality Index world map is simple. Both professional and DIY air quality monitoring stations are accepted:
  • Professional stations operated by EPAs are qualified by default, and are given dedicated pages (such as map/montenegro or city/paris) as well as historical data pages (eg historical/kosovo).

  • For the DIY stations (such as luft-daten), additional quality control is required before publishing on the map. This is to ensure high quality data accross the map (more explanation here).

There are two cases in order to upload your data into the map:
    Either you already have a website (or a feed such as thingspeak) from which we can collect the data from your stations. In this case our system will periodically load your page, extract the data and then republish it on our map. Check the feed examples for website examples.

    Either you do not have a website, but you have a station, and you would like to "push" the data directly to our system. In this case, you will need to write a small programm to "post" your station data via our upload API. Code sample is available from the upload API page.

If you fall in the first category (have a website), or if you have any doubts, send us a message using the form below. If you fall in the second category, and want to programatically post the data via our upload API, check our data upload scripts and API page.

Contact Form

Data Feed - Inquiry form
Enter your name - eg "John Doe"
Enter your email address - eg "john.doe@mail.com"
Enter your country or city - eg Tbilisi, Georgia
Enter your data-feed URL - eg "https://airnow.gov/"
Write few words about your request - eg: "A feed for Tbilisi, Georgia is available at ..", "The feed for Sofia, Bulgaria has been updated", "I need help to setup the feed for Dakar, Senegal", "The location of the station Patumahoe in Auckland is incorrect. It's lat,lon is -37.204,174.864", ..


나만의 공기 품질 모니터링 스테이션을 원하십니까?

GAIA 대기 모니터링 센터는 첨단 레이저 입자 센서를 사용하여 가장 유해한 대기 오염 물질 중 하나 인 PM2.5 오염 물질을 실시간으로 측정합니다.

설치가 매우 쉽고 WIFI 액세스 포인트와 USB 전원 공급 장치 만 있으면됩니다. 일단 연결되면 대기 오염 수준은 실시간으로 실시간으로보고됩니다.

대기질 및 환경 오염 측정에 관하여 :

대기질 지수 단계에 대하여

AQI지수구분구간의미
0 - 50 좋음 대기오염 관련 질환자군에서도 영향이 유발되지 않을 수준
51 -100 보통 환자군에게 만성 노출시 경미한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
101-150 민감군영향 환자군 및 민감군에게 유해한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
151-200 나쁨 환자군 및 민감군(어린이, 노약자 등)에게 유해한 영향 유발, 일반인도 건강상 불쾌감을 경험할 수 있는 수준
201-300 매우나쁨 환자군 및 민감군에게 급성 노출시 심각한 영향 유발, 일반인도 약한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
300+ 위험 환자군 및 민감군에게 응급 조치가 발생되거나, 일반인에게 유해한 영향이 유발될 수 있는 수준
(Reference: see airkorea.or.kr)

대기질과 오염에 대해 더 많은 것을 알아보려면 위키피디아의 대기질 문서(영어)을 보거나 대기질과 건강에 대한 AirNow 가이드(영어)를 참조해보세요.

매우 유용한 베이징의 의학박사 Richard Saint Cyr MD의 건강 관련 팁을 보려면 www.myhealthbeijing.com 의 블로그를 확인하세요.


사용안내: 모든 대기 질 데이터는 발행 당시에 검증되지 않았으며, 품질 보증으로 인해 이러한 데이터는 예고없이 언제든지 수정 될 수 있습니다. 세계 대기 품질 지수 프로젝트는이 정보의 내용을 편집함에있어 합당한 기술과 관심을 행사했으며 어떤 상황에서도 세계 대기 품질 지수 (World Air Quality Index) 프로젝트 팀 또는 그 대리인은이 데이터의 공급으로 인해 직접 또는 간접적으로 발생하는 손실, 상해 또는 손해에 대해 계약, 불법 행위 또는 기타의 책임을지지 않습니다.



설정


언어 설정 :


Temperature unit:
Celcius