Real-time Air Quality monitoring in Indonesia

Posted on July 18th 2015

Indonesia monitoring stations with real-time Air Quality forecast overlay

Real-time Air Quality data for is now available for Indonesia. 10 stations located in major cities across Indonesia are measuring in real-time PM10 pollution.

The monitoring stations are operated by BMKG (Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika), the Indonesian Department of Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics.


The currently active stations are located in: Central Jakarta City, Medan City, Pekanbaru City, Jambi City, Palembang City, Pontianak, Banjarbaru City, Samarinda City.


As we explained in one of our previous articles, all the AQI figures published on the World Air Quality Index project are currently [1] using the US EPA standard. While the Indonesian EPA has defined (like any other country) its own AQI scale, called 'IPSU' (for Indeks Standar Pencemar Udara), this is actually not a problem since the breakpoints used in the Indonesian standard for PM10 are actually more strict than the US EPA standard! The graph on the right shows the comparison for PM10 AQI scale for China, US and Indonesia.


One important point to notice is that there is no real-time PM2.5 real-time monitoring available. This is actually a common practice in South Asia, as many of the neighboring countries with Air Quality data available (namely Thailand, Malaysia and Brunei) are also only providing PM10 (exceptions are the Philippines and Vietnam).

While we do rely on BMKG to set-up the needed PM2.5 monitoring stations (hopefully starting with Jakarta), one might want to consider looking at our research report for deducting PM2.5 from PM10. Note that to be completely relevant and accurate, the PM2.5 to PM10 AQI convertion formula described in the report needs to be adapated to Jakarta since the typical 'dust type' in Indonesia is different from South Korea (the conclusion in the research report is based on South Korean data). This is actually something we might test-pilot conjointly with BMKG, so stay stuned (we will update this article).


Summary of the AQI levels, color coding and description used in Indonesia:
US EPAIndonesia
rangecolorlevelrangecolorleveldescription (for PM10)
0 .. 50
Good0 .. 50
BaikTidak ada efek
50 .. 100
Moderate50 .. 100
SedangTerjadi penurunan pada jarak pandang
100 .. 150
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups100 .. 200
Tidak SehatJarak pandang turun dan terjadi pengotoran debu di mana-mana
150 .. 200
200 .. 300
Very Unhealthy200 .. 300
Sangat Tidak SehatMeningkatnya sensitivitas pada pasien berpenyakit asthma dan bronhitis
300 .. 500
Hazardous300 .. 500
BerbahayaTingkat yang berbahaya bagi semua populasi yang terpapar


Note: This article is part of a series on Worlwide Air Quality scales.

For more information about specific countries or continent, please refer to thoses articles:
Thailand and Malysia
Hong Kong / Canada (Air Quality Health Index)
South America
Quebec and Montreal
For information about the 24 hours averaging used or Ozone and Particulate Matter (PM2.5), please refer to those two articles: Ground Ozone Index - PM2.5 Instant Cast

[1] We are now working on an option which will allow users to select any AQI scale they want.

Click here to see all the FAQ entries
  • Nitrogen Dioxyde (NO2) in our atmosphere
  • Ozone AQI Scale update
  • Kriging Interpolation

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    À propos de la qualité et de la mesure de la pollution atmosphérique:

    A propos des niveaux de qualité de l'air

    IQANiveau de pollution de l'air Impact sur la santé
    0 - 50BonLa qualité de l'air est jugée satisfaisante, et la pollution de l'air pose peu ou pas de risque.
    51 -100ModéréAir quality is acceptable; however, for some pollutants there may be a moderate health concern for a very small number of people who are unusually sensitive to air pollution.
    101-150Mauvais pour les groupes sensiblesLa qualité de l'air est acceptable; Cependant, pour certains polluants, il peut y avoir un problème de santé modérée pour un très petit nombre de personnes qui sont particulièrement sensibles à la pollution de l'air.
    151-200MauvaisTout le monde peut commencer à ressentir des effets sur la santé; les membres des groupes sensibles peuvent ressentir des effets de santé plus graves.
    201-300Très mauvaisAvertissements de santé de conditions d'urgence. Toute la population est plus susceptible d'être affecté.
    300+DangereuxAlerte de santé: tout le monde peut ressentir des effets de santé plus graves.

    Pour en savoir plus sur la qualité de l'air, consultez le sujet Qualité de l'air sur wikipedia ou le guide AirNow de la qualité de l'air et de votre santé .

    Pour des conseils de santé très utiles de Docteur Richard Saint Cyr, consultez le blog

    Usage Notice: All the Air Quality data are unvalidated at the time of publication, and due to quality assurance these data may be amended, without notice, at any time. The World Air Quality Index project has exercised all reasonable skill and care in compiling the contents of this information and under no circumstances will the World Air Quality Index project team or its agents be liable in contract, tort or otherwise for any loss, injury or damage arising directly or indirectly from the supply of this data.


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