空氣質量預報在南美

Posted on May 30th 2015
Share: aqicn.org/faq/2015-05-30/air-quality-forecast-in-south-america/hk

The Air Quality forecast for South America is now available on the World Air Quality Index project, in parnership with the Brazilian Centro de Previsão do Tempo e Estudos Climáticos (CPTEC). The forecast can be accessed freely accessed from cptec.inpe.br as well as forecast/ south-america/.

The CPTEC team has done an excellent work at providing a simple and detailled explanation on the underlying concepts used by their forecast model, called BRAMS (for Brazilian developments on the Regional Atmospheric Modelling System). The picture below (from the CPTEC) is giving an insight on the workflow for their model (source -> transport -> deposition).



One of the minor issue with the system used by the CPTEC is the input sources which are only based on modelisation of biomass burning and anthropogenic (human made) pollution. To be even more complete, it would further benefit from taking input data from global sources: for instance from the sahara dust (which indeed crosses the antlantic). So, just like the accuracy study we did not the Asian Air Quality forecast from Sprintars, you can find below the forecast accurary analysis for BRAMS for 5 cities in South America.

.oOo.

Forecast advance:


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    關於空氣質量與空氣污染指數

    本網站採用的污染指數和顏色與EPA是完全相同的。 EPA的指數可以從 AirNow上查到

    空气质量指数空气质量指数级别(状况)及表示颜色对健康影响情况建议采取的措施
    0 - 50一级(优)空气质量令人满意,基本无空气污染各类人群可正常活动
    51 -100二级(良)空气质量可接受,但某些污染物可能对极少数异常敏感人群健康有较弱影响极少数异常敏感人群应减少户外活动
    101-150三级(轻度污染)易感人群症状有轻度加剧,健康人群出现刺激症状儿童、老年人及心脏病、呼吸系统疾病患者应减少长时间、高强度的户外锻炼
    151-200四级(中度污染)进一步加剧易感人群症状,可能对健康人群心脏、呼吸系统有影响儿童、老年人及心脏病、呼吸系统疾病患者避免长时间、高强度的户外锻炼,一般人群适量减少户外运动
    201-300五级(重度污染)心脏病和肺病患者症状显著加剧,运动耐受力降低,健康人群普遍出现症状儿童、老年人及心脏病、肺病患者应停留在室内,停止户外运动,一般人群减少户外运动
    300+六级(严重污染)健康人群运动耐受力降低,有明显强烈症状,提前出现某些疾病儿童、老年人和病人应停留在室内,避免体力消耗,一般人群避免户外活动
    (参考详见http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/空气质量指数)

    如果你想了解更多有關空氣質量與污染,詳見維基百科或者 AirNow

    有關健康建議詳​​見北京的Richard Saint Cyr MD醫生的博客:www.myhealthbeijing.com


    Usage Notice: All the Air Quality data are unvalidated at the time of publication, and due to quality assurance these data may be amended, without notice, at any time. The World Air Quality Index project has exercised all reasonable skill and care in compiling the contents of this information and under no circumstances will the World Air Quality Index project team or its agents be liable in contract, tort or otherwise for any loss, injury or damage arising directly or indirectly from the supply of this data.



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    Temperature unit:
    Celcius