Australian Air Quality: Comparison with the US EPA AQI scale.

Posted on September 6th 2014
Share: aqicn.org/faq/2014-09-06/australian-air-quality-comparison-with-the-us-epa-aqi-scale

The Air Quality data for Perth and Western Australia is finally available after a long waiting time: The department of Environmental Regulation (DER) from the governement of Western Australia, is now publishing the data on their site: der.wa.gov.au/your-environment/air. While the link to the DEC site is still not working, the feed can be accessed from this new page .

However, unlike the other territories in Australia, WA DER is not providing the readings in raw ppm and µg/m3, but directly in AQI. The AQI scale used by the WA DER is not the same as the one from the US EPA, which we are using for all the stations reported on the World Air Quality Index project. So this aim of the FAQ entry is to explain how the convertion between the two AQI scales is done.

oOo

The WA DER AQI scale is based on the "National Environment Protection (Ambient Air Quality) Measure standards and goals" (available form this link and this other link), which is defined in the table below. Based on this standard, it is possible to deduct the raw readings from the AQI, which is indicated by the last column in the table;

PollutantAveraging period Maximum concentrationRaw data convertion formula
Fine Particles (PM2.5)1 day25µg/m3 Mass = AQI*25/100 (µg/m3)
Respirable Particles (PM10)1 day50µg/m3 Mass = AQI*50/100 (µg/m3)
Carbon monoxide (CO)8 hours9.0ppm Count = AQI*9.0/100 (ppm)
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2)1 hour0.12ppm Count = AQI*0.12/100 (ppm)
1 year0.03ppm
Sulfur dioxide (SO2)1 hour0.20ppm Count = AQI*0.20/100 (ppm)
1 day0.08ppm
1 year0.02ppm
Photochemical oxidants
(Ozone, O3)
1 hour0.10ppm Count = AQI*0.10/100 (ppm)
4 hours0.08ppm
Lead1 year0.50µg/m3 n/a

Actually, surprisingly enough, the WA DER AQI scale is much more strict than the US EPA when the AQI is above 50! Check for this comparitive tables for PM2.5:

Particule
mass
10 µg/m320 µg/m330 µg/m340 µg/m350 µg/m360 µg/m370 µg/m380 µg/m390
         
WA DER
Standard:
0..5050..100100..150150..200200..300300.....
         
US EPA
Standard:
0..5050..100100..150150..200

And this comparison is for the PM10:

Particule
mass
20 µg/m340 µg/m360 µg/m380 µg/m3100 µg/m3120 µg/m3140 µg/m3160 µg/m3180
         
WA DER
Standard:
0..5050..100100..150150..200200..300300.....
         
US EPA
Standard:
0..5050..100100..150


For now, we will keep the using the US EPA standard, simply because it is the one we use for the overall Australia.

We will also post an update soon (by October 2014), once we have gathered more data, to do more comparison of those 2 scales. We currently assume that the Air Quality in Western Australia is not just the same as in Chinam, where AQI above 200 is common, and that AQI below 50 should be the norm, in which case the PM2.5 reported AQI should be similar for both scales (assuming that PM2.5 is the major pollutant). But for now, those are all assumptions, so let's see in one month one enough data is available.


--

Note: This article is part of a series on Worlwide Air Quality scales.

For more information about specific countries or continent, please refer to thoses articles:
Thailand and Malysia
-
India
-
China
-
Hong Kong / Canada (Air Quality Health Index)
-
South America
-
Australia
-
Quebec and Montreal
-
Singapore
-
Poland
-
Indonesia
.
For information about the 24 hours averaging used or Ozone and Particulate Matter (PM2.5), please refer to those two articles: Ground Ozone Index - PM2.5 Instant Cast


Click here to see all the FAQ entries
  • Nitrogen Dioxyde (NO2) in our atmosphere
  • Ozone AQI Scale update
  • Kriging Interpolation




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    空気の質と大気汚染指数で

    大気品質レベルについて

    指数大気質指数の分類(米国)健康影響 / カテゴリ粒子状物質(PM10,PM2.5)
    0 - 50良い - Good通常の活動が可能なし
    51 -100並 - Moderate特に敏感な者は、長時間又は激しい屋外活動の減少を検討非常に敏感な人は、長時間または激しい活動を減らすよう検討する必要がある。
    101-150敏感なグループにとっては健康に良くない - Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups心臓・肺疾患患者、高齢者及び子供は、長時間又は激しい屋外活動を減少心疾患や肺疾患を持つ人、高齢者、子供は、長時間または激しい活動を減らす必要がある。
    151-200健康に良くない - Unhealthy上記の者は、長時間又は激しい屋外活動を中止
    すべての者は、長時間又は激しい屋外活動を減少
    心疾患や肺疾患を持つ人、高齢者、子供は、長時間または激しい活動を中止する必要がある。それ以外の人でも、長時間または激しい活動を減らす必要がある。
    201-300極めて健康に良くない - Very Unhealthy上記の者は、すべての屋外活動を中止
    すべての者は、長時間又は激しい屋外活動を中止
    心疾患や肺疾患を持つ人、高齢者、子供は、全ての屋外活動を中止する必要がある。それ以外の人でも、長時間または激しい活動を中止する必要がある。
    300+危険 - Hazardous上記の者は、屋内に留まり、体力消耗を避ける
    すべての者は、屋外活動を中止
    全ての人が屋外活動を中止する必要がある。特に、心疾患や肺疾患を持つ人、高齢者、子供は、屋内に留まって激しい活動を避け静かに過ごす必要がある。
    (Reference: see wikipedia,and cn.emb-japan.go.jp/)

    あなたは空気の質や汚染についての詳細をお知りになりたい場合は、WikipediaAirNowを参照してください。

    北京の医者Richard Saint Cyrの非常に便利な健康アドバイスについては、 www.myhealthbeijing.com をチェックしてください。


    Usage Notice: All the Air Quality data are unvalidated at the time of publication, and due to quality assurance these data may be amended, without notice, at any time. The World Air Quality Index project has exercised all reasonable skill and care in compiling the contents of this information and under no circumstances will the World Air Quality Index project team or its agents be liable in contract, tort or otherwise for any loss, injury or damage arising directly or indirectly from the supply of this data.



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    言語を選択:


    Temperature unit:
    Celcius